Several important dates from the history of the city Prague

after 870 - foundation of the Prague Castle

after 926 - foundation of St. Vitus rotunda within the Prague Castle

10th century - foundation of the Vysehrad Castle on the opposite bank of the Vltava river.

965 - Prague first reported in the narration of Ibrahim Ibn Jakub, a merchant

973 - foundation of Prague bishopric

1085 - Prague becomes the residence of the first Bohemian king Vratislav I

1172 - construction of the Judita´s Bridge, the second stone bridge in Central Europe and first stone bridge across the Vltava river

after 1230 - establishment of the Old Town

1257 - foundation of the Lesser Town

1310 - 1346 - John of Luxembourg rules as the king of Bohemia

around 1320 - foundation of Hradcany

1338 - foundation of the Old Town Hall - the importance of the city increases

1344 - Prague bishopric upgraded to archbishopric, beginning of St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert Cathedral (finished 1929)

1346-1378 - Charles IV epoch - Prague becomes the capital of the Bohemian Kingdom and the Holy Roman Empire

1348 - foundation of the New Town and the first university in Central Europe (Charles University)

1419-1437 - attempts of the clergy to reform the church result in the Hussite revolutionary movement (Jan Hus - the reform preacher and martyr)

1526 - Habsburg dynasty ascends the Bohemian throne (until 1918)

1583-1611 - Rudolf II becomes the king of Bohemia, and Prague the emperor´s residence, centre of social and cultural life

1618-1620 - defeat of the Czech nobles´ uprising; Czech language and Czech national consciousness begin to decline

1784 - union of the four hitherto independent Prague urban units (Hradcany, Lesser Town, Old Town and New Town)

1784-1848 - period of Czech national revival, beginning of the industrial revolution, establishment of Czech institutions

1918 - proclamation of independence of Czechoslovakia, Prague becomes the new state capital

1939-1945 - occupation by Nazi Germany 1945 - the Prague uprising, liberation of Prague by the Soviet army

1948 - seizure of power by the Czechoslovak Communist Party (KSC) after the February putsch

1968 - Prague Spring - an attempt to reform socialism, intervention of 5 states of the Warsaw Pact

1989 - so called "Velvet Revolution", Vaclav Havel elected president of Czechoslovakia

1993, January 1 - spliting up of the Federation, formation of the independent Czech Republic

1993, January 26 - Vaclav Havel elected the first president of the independent Czech Republic

1999, March 12 - the Czech Republic becomes a member of NATO

2004, May 1 - entry of the Czech Republic into the EU

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